07 Jul 2022

Product Cost vs Period Cost Top 6 Best Difference Infographics

Product Cost vs Period Cost Top 6 Best Difference Infographics FisioRoma


For example, assume your small business had $5,000 in total manufacturing overhead costs during the month. It’s easy to confuse production costs with manufacturing costs; both have to do with producing a product for sale. In the months before summer, the manufacturer sees a growth in demand for patio sets and increases production to 500 units a month. Total cost is the sum of both fixed and variable costs accrued during production. In other words, it’s the total cost of production and changes according to production volume.


By taking these key points into account, businesses can gain valuable insights into their financial performance and make informed decisions about product cost accounting. It is important to remember that accurate and up-to-date records are essential for effectively managing product costs, so be sure to review your financials regularly. With the correct data, you can accurately determine the cost of producing a product or service and maximize profits. Production costs are the total amount a business spends to produce a specific product or service. It accounts for raw materials, labor, and nearly everything else needed to get a product ready for sale. On the other hand, period costs are considered indirect costs or overhead costs, and while they play an important role in your business, they are not directly tied to production levels.

What Are Product Costs?

Product cost appears in the financial statements since it includes the manufacturing overhead that is required by both GAAP and IFRS. However, managers may modify product cost to strip out the overhead component when making short-term production and sale-price decisions. Overhead or sales, general, and administrative (SG&A) costs are considered period costs. SG&A includes costs of the corporate office, selling, marketing, and the overall administration of company business. The costs, in this case, comprise of raw material costs, labor costs as well a manufacturing overhead costs. Is an expense of production, even though the company is unable to trace the costs directly to each specific job.

Production costs are the total expenses incurred by a business in producing a product or service. Production cost factors typically include labor, raw materials, equipment, rent, and other supplies or overhead. Finally, managing product and period costs will help you establish more accurate pricing levels for your products. Examples of product costs include the cost of raw materials used, depreciation on plant, expired insurance on plant, production supervisor salaries, manufacturing supplies used, and plant maintenance. Selling expenses are costs incurred to obtain customer orders and get the finished product in the customers’ possession.

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Define product costs as the total costs of creating products, is an essential factor in the success of a manufacturing business. Some of these components include all direct costs, from raw materials to labor and even transportation, included in creating a finished product ready for sale. Product cost comprises of direct materials, direct labour and direct overheads. Period costs are based on time and mainly includes selling and administration costs like salary, rent etc.

How To Avoid Overcosting And Undercosting In Your Own Business

On the other hand, if https://1investing.in/ion costs decrease, they can look at ways to reduce production costs without compromising quality or profitability. By understanding how product and production costs are related, businesses can more effectively manage their operations and ensure success. To calculate product cost, determine what materials will be needed to produce it.

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Overhead BudgetOverhead Budget is prepared to forecast and present all the expected costs concerning manufacturing the goods that the company expects to incur in the next year. It excludes the direct material and the direct labor cost and the information of which becomes part of the cost of the goods sold in the master budget. Ending InventoryThe ending inventory formula computes the total value of finished products remaining in stock at the end of an accounting period for sale. It is evaluated by deducting the cost of goods sold from the total of beginning inventory and purchases.

Difference Between Product Costs and Period Costs

Office incremental cost, depreciation (capitalized over the asset’s useful life), and indirect labor are examples of period costs . Product costs include direct labor, inventory, raw materials, manufacturing supplies, and other charges. Production costs, which are also known as product costs, are incurred by a business when it manufactures a product or provides a service. For example, manufacturers have production costs related to the raw materials and labor needed to create the product. Service industries incur production costs related to the labor required to implement the service and any costs of materials involved in delivering the service. For example, suppose Custom Furniture Company sells one table that cost $3,000 to produce (i.e., direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead costs incurred to produce the table total $3,000).

  • The tools and resources you need to get your new business idea off the ground.
  • It is much more practical to track how many pounds of nails were used for the period and allocate this cost to the overhead costs of the finished products.
  • Tracking indirect costs such as factory overhead can be difficult and provide wrong analysis, which may lead to wrong pricing decisions.
  • Collaborating with manufacturers to write process improvement case studies, Madis keeps himself up to date with all the latest developments and challenges that the industry faces in their everyday operations.

Compensation may impact the order of which offers appear on page, but our editorial opinions and ratings are not influenced by compensation. Our writing and editorial staff are a team of experts holding advanced financial designations and have written for most major financial media publications. Our work has been directly cited by organizations including Entrepreneur, Business Insider, Investopedia, Forbes, CNBC, and many others. We follow strict ethical journalism practices, which includes presenting unbiased information and citing reliable, attributed resources. Finance Strategists is a leading financial literacy non-profit organization priding itself on providing accurate and reliable financial information to millions of readers each year.

Taxes charged’ by a government or local authority on the final product, service, or raw material also account for total product costs. Recall that the costs of a manufactured item are direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead. Costs that support production but are not direct materials or direct labor are considered overhead. Is the total cost of wages, payroll taxes, payroll benefits, and similar expenses for the individuals who work directly on manufacturing a particular product.

In the long term, a business that consistently under costs its products or services will likely become unprofitable and may have to close down. If businesses are overcosting their products or services, they may miss out on sales to price-sensitive customers. This can harm the business in the short-term as they will make less revenue than they could have if they had priced their products or services more competitively. In the long term, if businesses continue to overprice their products or services, they may become uncompetitive and eventually go out of business.

Examples of direct material costs are fabric for apparel or aluminum and rubber for bicycles. The two calculations give businesses a clear picture of all their costs and help set the optimal price to ensure long-term profitability. But while production costs cover all the expenses of operating a business during production, manufacturing costs factor in only costs related to the product.

Processes and activities

If this isn’t feasible, they may need to reconsider their pricing structure and marketing strategy to determine if they can justify a price increase or if they can market the product to a new demographic. If neither of these options works, producers may have to suspend their operations or shut down permanently. There is not an agreed-upon definition for product cost management or an agreed scope for what it encompasses.

  • For a retailer, the product costs would include the supplies purchased from a supplier and any other costs involved in bringing their goods to market.
  • Some examples of direct materials for different industries are shown in Table 8.2 In order to respond quickly to production needs, companies need raw materials inventory on hand.
  • If the company can demonstrate such a relationship, they then often allocate overhead based on a formula that reflects this relationship, such as the upcoming equation.
  • Consequently, they are not apportioned to any product but charged as an expense in the income statement.
  • Examples of manufacturing overhead costs are warehouse rent, utilities, equipment depreciation, and maintenance and repairs.

Accounting EquationsAccounting Equation is the primary accounting principle stating that a business’s total assets are equivalent to the sum of its liabilities & owner’s capital. This is also known as the Balance Sheet Equation & it forms the basis of the double-entry accounting system. David Kindness is a Certified Public Accountant and an expert in the fields of financial accounting, corporate and individual tax planning and preparation, and investing and retirement planning.

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Administrative activities are the most pure form of period costs, since they must be incurred on an ongoing basis, irrespective of the sales level of a business. Selling costs can vary somewhat with product sales levels, especially if sales commissions are a large part of this expenditure. There may be options available to producers if the cost of production exceeds a product’s sale price. The first thing they may consider doing is lowering their production costs.


In economic theory, a firm will continue to expand the production of a good until its marginal cost of production is equal to its marginal product . For example, fixed costs for manufacturing an automobile would include equipment as well as workers’ salaries. The costs only appear on the income statement when the goods are sold and some revenue generated.